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Study looks at genetic background of healthy people who develop severe Covid-19 illness

June 13, 2020 – To help disentangle the secrets of Covid-19 disease, researchers are sequencing the DNA of young grown-ups and children who suffer from extreme Covid-19 disease ailments in spite of having no hidden clinical issues. The scientists are searching for hereditary genetic risk factors that could put certain people at high danger of getting seriously sick from the novel coronavirus,

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Diagnoses for children with rare genetic diseases by 3-D facial scans

June 07, 2020 – Most children with rare genetic diseases spend years undergoing medical tests and waiting for a diagnosis—a long, exhausting process that takes its toll on children and their families. Almost half of these children never get a definitive diagnosis.

In a new and exciting development,

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Host factors may influence Covid-19 severity more than viral genetic variation

May 22, 2020 – Host factors (i.e., disease phenotypes and/or predispositions) instead of viral genetic variation seem to impact more on sickness severity among Covid-19 patients, as indicated by an investigation from China. Scientists in Shanghai analyzed clinical, atomic, and immunological information from in excess of 300 individuals with affirmed Covid-19.

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Genetic scoring can identify more men at risk

May 07, 2020 – Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a localized enlargement of the abdominal aorta such that the diameter is greater than 3 cm or more than 50% larger than normal. AAAs usually cause no symptoms, except during rupture. 

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Besides the now approved remdesivir: Emerging options to treat Covid-19

May 03, 2020 –  The world is desperate in the search for a treatment or better yet a vaccine in the Covid-19 pandemic. Slowly, there are some options emerging at least for the treatment of seriously ill Covid-19 patients. First of all,  the American Food and Drug Administration just issued an emergency use authorization (EUA) for the investigational antiviral drug remdesivir for the treatment of suspected or laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in adults and children hospitalized with severe disease.

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Could DNA testing help the most seriously affected Covid-19 patients?

April 28, 2020 – Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of China’s Hubei province,

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Klotho’s role in some patients with Alzheimer’s disease revealed?

April 24, 2020 – The klotho gene is named after the fanciful Greek goddess of destiny Clotho who turns the string of life known to be related with longer life and improved cognizance. In modern biology, allelic variants of the klotho gene in fact have been associated with long life span.

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First therapy for children with debilitating NF-1 approved in the USA

April 12, 2020 – The human genetic disease neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is a complex multi-system disorder caused by the mutation of a gene  (NF1 gene) on chromosome 17 that is responsible for production of a protein called neurofibromin which is needed for normal function in many human cell types.

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Are Asians at higher genetic risk of serious adverse events to common medications?

March 10, 2020 – A widespread assumption is, the people of Asian descent are more prone to serious, sometimes deadly adverse drug reactions, even when taking rather common medications prescribed for gout through to depression. In the ages of genetics and precision medicine, the question then comes up if Asian people could be at such heightened risk because of underlying particular genetic factors.

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Covid-19: Be careful with chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine

March 25, 2020 – The Covid-19 pandemic keeps the word abreast. Drastic measures have been and are being taken worldwide by governments, hospitals, healthcare  care providers, and retiring homes in attempts to halt the spreading of Covid-19. Recently, there have been publications by Chinese clinical researchers in the Journal Cell Research and the International Journal of Antimicrob Agents indicating that both,

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  • The co-occurrence of cancer driver genes, key to precision medicine September 22, 2020
    Cancer driver genes are those with mutations that are essential for tumor development and spread. Led by ICREA researcher Patrick Aloy, scientists from the Structural Bioinformatics and Network Biology (SBNB) Laboratory at IRB Barcelona have developed a computational pipeline that predicts tumor response to different cancer treatments. This system is based on the identification of […]
  • Genomic adaptations to a rice-based diet mitigate the risk of obesity and diabetes September 21, 2020
    The traditional rice-based diet of some east-Asian population has brought a number of genomic adaptations that may contribute to mitigating the spread of diabetes and obesity. An international study led by the University of Bologna and published in the journal Evolutionary Applications has recently suggested this interesting hypothesis. Researchers analyzed and compared the genomes of […]
  • Researchers identify genetic factors associated with hand-foot syndrome in chemotherapy with capecitabine September 21, 2020
    Capecitabine is a chemotherapy drug used for breast and colorectal cancer. It can extend survival rate by nearly 10%. However, recent studies revealed that almost 50% of patients develop palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, a skin reaction also called hand-foot syndrome with mild to serious symptoms. Up to 17% of these patients can have a burning pain in […]
  • Gene therapy corrects the cardiac effects of Friedreich's ataxia September 18, 2020
    Gene therapy was successfully used to overcome the cardiac effects of Freidreich's ataxia (FA) in a mouse model of the disease, as reported in the peer-reviewed journal Human Gene Therapy.
  • Algorithms uncover cancers' hidden genetic losses and gains September 17, 2020
    Understanding the specific mutations that contribute to different forms of cancer is critical to improving diagnosis and treatment. But limitations in DNA sequencing technology make it difficult to detect some major mutations often linked to cancer, such as the loss or duplication of parts of chromosomes.
  • Thin and ultra-fast photodetector sees the full spectrum September 22, 2020
    Researchers have developed the world's first photodetector that can see all shades of light, in a prototype device that radically shrinks one of the most fundamental elements of modern technology.
  • New drug candidate found for hand, foot and mouth disease September 22, 2020
    Duke researchers have identified a potential drug candidate against enterovirus 71, a common cause of hand, foot and mouth disease in infants and young children. The compound of interest is a small molecule that binds to RNA, the virus's genetic material, and changes its 3-D shape in a way that stops the virus from multiplying […]
  • Web resources bring new insight into COVID-19 September 22, 2020
    Two new web resources put at researchers' fingertips information about cellular genes whose expression is affected by coronavirus infection and place these data points in the context of the complex network of host molecular signaling pathways.
  • New freshwater database tells water quality story for 12K lakes globally September 22, 2020
    Although less than one per cent of all water in the world is freshwater, it is what we drink and use for agriculture. In other words, it's vital to human survival. York University researchers have just created a publicly available water quality database for close to 12,000 freshwater lakes globally - almost half of the […]
  • Nearly 20 percent of americans don't have enough to eat September 22, 2020
    More than 18 percent of US adults do not know whether they will have enough to eat from day to day, and the numbers are worse for Hispanics, Blacks, people with obesity, and women, a new report shows.
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