Blog Archives

Heart disease prediction by traditional risk factors as good as with an exhaustive genetic test

February 20, 2020 – Traditional cardiovascular risk factors often assessed in an annual physical, such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, diabetes, and smoking status, may at least be as valuable in predicting who will develop coronary heart disease (CHD) as a sophisticated genetic test that surveys millions of different points in DNA,

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Soccer Headers Might Be More Risky for APOE4 Genotype Carriers

February 01, 2020 – Soccer headers might be more risky for APOE4 genotype carriers – this is the headline of a very recent Reuters Health article appearing in Medscape. Thus, soccer players with apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) genotype may want to limit how many headers they do,

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The diversity of Asian genomes

January 26, 2020 – An effort to map thousends of genomes across Asia has certainly the potential to find novel gene variants affecting disease and responses to drugs, and to reveal the complex origins of Asian populations.

In a pilot study,

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Degree of African ancestry may influence gene expression levels

January 26, 2020 – Common belief holds that differences in genes (i.e., allelic variants) in combination with differing frequencies of such allelic variants in populations of different ethnic background may explain the differences in the frequency and/or severity of overt diseases in different ethnic groups and/or populations.

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In Caribbeans cystic fibrosis (CF) is driven by very rare CFTR mutations

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After an over the counter genetic test: Would you make serious health decisions?

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Hidden secrets in African genomes revealed by large scale sequencing

October 20, 2019 – Sequencing African genomes yields new data resource with broad applicability. By collaborating globally in a new, large-scale effort, researchers have made strong progress in sequencing genomes from regions and countries across Africa. These findings will enable more broadly representative and relevant studies ranging from basic through clinical genetics.

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Clinical evidence and implementation challenges for pharmacogenomic testing

September 18, 2019 – This post is an edited version of parts of a paper that appeared in the Journal of Personalised Medicine (JPM) a week ago und which addresses one of the important topics in connection with the themes of personalised medicine,

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ZRANB3 in African Populations: New Type 2 Diabetes risk locus identified

August 03, 2019 – Africa is considered the original cradle of all humanity, to which all humans can trace their genetic origin. This may be very interesting in the context of diseases that are due to genetic predispositions both in todays African populations and in all the populations descendant of African origin worldwide.

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Genetic aspects of globesity: Glocalized or not?

June 25, 2019 – The global obesity epidemic is so far-reaching it now has an overarching name: globesity (obviously derived from global obesity).  Very interesting questions arise in this context such as are there glocalized (global and or local) factors involved in this epidemic.

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  • Mayo researchers recommend all women with breast cancer diagnosis under age 66 be offered genetic testing February 21, 2020
    A study by researchers at Mayo Clinic published this week in the Journal of Clinical Oncology suggests that all women with a breast cancer diagnosis under the age of 66 be offered germline genetic testing to determine if they have a gene mutation known to increase the risk of developing other cancers and cancers among […]
  • Cross-talk between enzymes that read and correct recipes in the cookbook of life February 21, 2020
    DNA is the hereditary material in humans, a unique cookbook of who we are. This is where you'll find the answer as to why you have your specific eye and hair colour, or perhaps why you sunburn easily.
  • Study finds certain genetic tests not useful in predicting heart disease risk February 21, 2020
    A Polygenic Risk Score—a genetic assessment that doctors have hoped could predict coronary heart disease (CHD) in patients—has been found not to be a useful predictive biomarker for disease risk, according to a Vanderbilt study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
  • Major discovery in the genetics of Down syndrome February 21, 2020
    Researchers at CHU Sainte-Justine and Université de Montréal have discovered a new mechanism involved in the expression of Down syndrome, one of the main causes of intellectual disability and congenital heart defects in children. The study's findings were published today in Current Biology.
  • MicroRNA exhibit unexpected function in driving cancer February 20, 2020
    Researchers long thought that only one strand of a double-stranded microRNA can silence genes. Though recent evidence has challenged that dogma, it's unclear what the other strand does, and how the two may be involved in cancer. New research from Thomas Jefferson University has revealed that both strands of some microRNA coordinate to act on […]
  • Ethnobotanical medicine is effective against the bacterium causing Lyme disease February 21, 2020
    A preclinical in vitro study shows that selected plant-based herbal medicines, especially Ghanaian quinine and Japanese knotweed, work better than antibiotics against the bacterium that causes Lyme disease. These findings represent an important step towards the development of treatments that might be better tolerated and more effective than the current standard of care.
  • Opportunity blows for offshore wind in China February 21, 2020
    If China is to meet and exceed its Paris Climate Agreement goal by 2030, it's going to need to find a way to increase its wind capacity. Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and Huazhong University of Science and Technology in China, found that offshore wind could […]
  • Alcohol-induced deaths in US February 21, 2020
    National vital statistics data from 2000 to 2016 were used to examine how rates of alcohol-induced deaths (defined as those deaths due to alcohol consumption that could be avoided if alcohol weren't involved) have changed in the US and to compare the results by demographic groups including sex, race/ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status and geographic location. […]
  • The integrated catalysts can simplify pharmaceutical manufacturing February 21, 2020
    Prof. In Su Lee and his research team from POSTECH developed catalytic platforms based on metal organic frameworks.
  • Shaping the rings of molecules February 21, 2020
    Canadian chemists discover a natural process to control the shape of 'macrocycles,' molecules of large rings of atoms, for use in pharmaceuticals and electronics.
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