Blog Archives

Ethnic disparities in the occurrence of prostate cancer

May 10, 2018 – A seemingly higher incidence of prostate cancer and resulting fatalities in African-American men than in European-Amcerican men has been noted for quite some time. New research published in Molecular Oncology may help explain why African American men are at a higher risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer and a higher risk of dying from the disease compared with European American men.

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Gene expression and ethnicity: Does it matter?

December 05, 2017 – We are entering the age of precision medicine, in which diagnosis and therapy decisions for each patient will be based on detailed genetic and molecular fingerprints. Unfortunately, much of the revolutionary work that underpins precision medicine has been conducted on populations of European (Caucasian) descent,

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Cancer is not like cancer: Ethnic background matters

November 24, 2017 – New research indicates that one-size treatment for one form of blood cancer likely does not fit all, particularly when it comes to ethnic differences of patients.  Thus, African-American men are three times more likely to be diagnosed with multiple myeloma,

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Asthma: An allelic variant of the PYHIN1 gene is unique to African Americans

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SEMA4D gene variant quadruples obesity risk in individuals of African descent

March 26, 2017 – There is ample evidence that the burden of obesity is not the same across ethnic groups. While diet and lifestyle play a large role in determining body weight, there is also a heritable component. Unfortunately,  most prior studies that have evaluated the role of genes in obesity have looked mostly at people of European or Asian descent,

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Adverse clinical outcome associated with mutations in colorectal cancers of African Americans

Colon Cancer in AASeptember 04, 2016 – Case Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers, a research collaboration which includes University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University, who last year identified new gene mutations unique to colon cancers in African Americans, have found that tumors with these mutations are highly aggressive and more likely to recur and metastasize.

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  • Distinct social profile and high ASD risk, 3q29 deletion survey finds July 19, 2019
    A survey of 93 people with 3q29 deletion syndrome reveals a distinct pattern of social disability and anxiety, even without a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. The results were published online in Molecular Autism on July 16.
  • Study sheds light on the darker parts of our genetic heritage July 19, 2019
    More than half of our genome consists of transposons,DNA sequences that are reminiscent of ancient, extinct viruses.Transposons are normally silenced by a process known as DNA methylation, but their activation can lead to serious diseases. Very little is known about transposons but researchers in an international collaboration project have now succeeded for the first time […]
  • Molecular cause for severe multi-organ syndrome July 19, 2019
    Three unrelated families on three continents (from continental Portugal, the United States and Brazil), all with healthy ancestors, had children with a very rare multi-organ condition that causes early-onset retinal degeneration, sensorineural hearing loss, microcephaly, intellectual disability, and skeletal dysplasia with scoliosis and short stature.
  • Researchers determine epigenetic origin of docetaxel-resistant breast cancer July 19, 2019
    Researchers at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) have published a study in Molecular Cancer Research in which they identify methylation patterns associated with different subtypes of breast cancer, and a subclassification of the group of "triple negatives," a breast cancer type typically associated with poor prognosis. In addition, they identified changes in DNA methylation […]
  • Researchers report the function of reverse-twisting DNA July 19, 2019
    Normally, the two strands of the DNA double helix wind around each other in a right-handed spiral. However, there is another conformation called Z-DNA in which the strands twist to the left. The function of Z-DNA has remained a mystery since its discovery. A newly published paper unambiguously establishes that the Z-conformation is key to […]
  • Study sheds light on the darker parts of our genetic heritage July 19, 2019
    More than half of our genome consists of transposons, DNA sequences that are reminiscent of ancient, extinct viruses. Transposons are normally silenced by a process known as DNA methylation, but their activation can lead to serious diseases. Very little is known about transposons but researchers in an international collaboration project have now succeeded for the first time […]
  • Flexible user interface distribution for ubiquitous multi-device interaction July 19, 2019
    KAIST researchers have developed mobile software platform technology that allows a mobile application (app) to be executed simultaneously and more dynamically on multiple smart devices. Its high flexibility and broad applicability can help accelerate a shift from the current single-device paradigm to a multiple one, which enables users to utilize mobile apps in ways previously […]
  • Atomically precise models improve understanding of fuel cells July 19, 2019
    Simulations from researchers in Japan provide new insights into the reactions occurring in solid-oxide fuel cells by using realistic atomic-scale models of the electrode active site based on microscope observations instead of the simplified and idealized atomic structures employed in previous studies. This better understanding of how the structures in the cells affect the reactions […]
  • Predicting long-term risk of death from chest X-rays July 19, 2019
    Researchers in this study looked at whether a computing system that analyzed data from thousands of chest X-rays of smokers and nonsmokers and developed a risk score could predict long-term risk of death.
  • Ivacaftor may reduce common infections in patients with CF July 19, 2019
    Patients with cystic fibrosis who take ivacaftor appear to have fewer respiratory infections over time than those not taking the drug, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.
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