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Could DNA testing help the most seriously affected Covid-19 patients?

April 28, 2020 – Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of China’s Hubei province,

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First therapy for children with debilitating NF-1 approved in the USA

April 12, 2020 – The human genetic disease neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is a complex multi-system disorder caused by the mutation of a gene  (NF1 gene) on chromosome 17 that is responsible for production of a protein called neurofibromin which is needed for normal function in many human cell types.

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HSD3B1 Genotype Predicts Prostate Cancer Outcomes

February 28, 2020 – A very recent report elucidates the possible prospective power of the knowledge about the genetic background of patients when concerned with certain clinical endpoints (disease states) and associated genes.

The researchers in the present study analyzed outcomes in white men enrolled in the E3805 CHAARTED clinical trial according to HSD3B1 genotype,

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Genetic variants of the NUDT15 gene drive toxicity in leukemia therapy

February 27, 2020 – Thiopurines are important antimetabolite drugs, which make up a critical part of curative treatment for ALL. Genetic variations can directly influence drug and effectiveness of thiopurines. Researchers at St. Jude and elsewhere previously identified NUDT15 variants as a major genetic cause of toxicity during thiopurine therapy,

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Brain, Body Incongruence in Transgenders: Gene Variants Provide Some Insights

February  06, 2020 – Some of the first biological evidence of the incongruence transgender individuals experience, because their brain indicates they are one sex and their body another, may have been found in estrogen receptor pathways in the brain of 30 transgender individuals.

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The diversity of Asian genomes

January 26, 2020 – An effort to map thousends of genomes across Asia has certainly the potential to find novel gene variants affecting disease and responses to drugs, and to reveal the complex origins of Asian populations.

In a pilot study,

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Soccer Headers Might Be More Risky for APOE4 Genotype Carriers

February 01, 2020 – Soccer headers might be more risky for APOE4 genotype carriers – this is the headline of a very recent Reuters Health article appearing in Medscape. Thus, soccer players with apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) genotype may want to limit how many headers they do,

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Degree of African ancestry may influence gene expression levels

January 26, 2020 – Common belief holds that differences in genes (i.e., allelic variants) in combination with differing frequencies of such allelic variants in populations of different ethnic background may explain the differences in the frequency and/or severity of overt diseases in different ethnic groups and/or populations.

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Black people with natural blonde hair – Everything is possible in genetics

August 07, 2019 – Blonde hair is a rare human phenotype found almost exclusively in Europe and Oceania. Human pigmentation varies considerably within and among populations and is a function of both variation in exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and the type and quantity of melanin produced in melanocytes and keratinocytes.

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Genetic aspects of globesity: Glocalized or not?

June 25, 2019 – The global obesity epidemic is so far-reaching it now has an overarching name: globesity (obviously derived from global obesity).  Very interesting questions arise in this context such as are there glocalized (global and or local) factors involved in this epidemic.

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  • Genomic adaptations to a rice-based diet mitigate the risk of obesity and diabetes September 21, 2020
    The traditional rice-based diet of some east-Asian population has brought a number of genomic adaptations that may contribute to mitigating the spread of diabetes and obesity. An international study led by the University of Bologna and published in the journal Evolutionary Applications has recently suggested this interesting hypothesis. Researchers analyzed and compared the genomes of […]
  • Researchers identify genetic factors associated with hand-foot syndrome in chemotherapy with capecitabine September 21, 2020
    Capecitabine is a chemotherapy drug used for breast and colorectal cancer. It can extend survival rate by nearly 10%. However, recent studies revealed that almost 50% of patients develop palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, a skin reaction also called hand-foot syndrome with mild to serious symptoms. Up to 17% of these patients can have a burning pain in […]
  • Gene therapy corrects the cardiac effects of Friedreich's ataxia September 18, 2020
    Gene therapy was successfully used to overcome the cardiac effects of Freidreich's ataxia (FA) in a mouse model of the disease, as reported in the peer-reviewed journal Human Gene Therapy.
  • Algorithms uncover cancers' hidden genetic losses and gains September 17, 2020
    Understanding the specific mutations that contribute to different forms of cancer is critical to improving diagnosis and treatment. But limitations in DNA sequencing technology make it difficult to detect some major mutations often linked to cancer, such as the loss or duplication of parts of chromosomes.
  • Researcher finds keys to control the 'driver of cancer's aggressiveness' September 17, 2020
    'Do not erase.' 'Recycle me.' 'Free to a good home.' Humans post these signs to indicate whether something has value or not, whether it should be disposed of or not. Inside our cells, a sophisticated recycling system uses its own enzymatic signs to flag certain cells for destruction—and a different set of enzymes can remove […]
  • Awareness of COVID-19 in severe dementia patients September 21, 2020
    Tokyo, September 21, 2020- The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has substantially affected patients with dementia and their caregivers.
  • Cleveland Clinic study finds no link between influenza vaccine and COVID-19 risk September 21, 2020
    Using patient data from Cleveland Clinic's COVID-19 registry, Dr. Joe Zein found that receiving the flu vaccine does not increase risk for COVID-19 or worsen associated disease outcomes, suggesting it is safe and advisable to receive the influenza vaccine this flu season.
  • Bio-based inhibition of gas hydrate formation September 21, 2020
    Copper stearate was used as the basis for this catalyst test and showed efficiency for in-situ oil combustion.
  • Biodiversity hypothesis called into question September 21, 2020
    How can we explain the fact that no single species predominates? A generally accepted hypothesis is that a trade-off exists between organisms able to acquire and consume more food than other when resources are scarce, and organisms which rapidly consume large quantities of food when they are in abundance. However, when scientists from the University […]
  • A faster and more reliable method to categorize olive oil is validated September 21, 2020
    Classifying olive oils into the categories of extra virgin (EVOO), virgin (VOO) and lampante (LOO) is still quite a challenge to deal with since the official method includes physical-chemical and sensory analyses by means of a panel of tasters. These tasters need to be specialized, and on many occasions are not available, in addition to […]
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