Blog Archives

Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Genetic scoring can identify more men at risk

May 07, 2020 – Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a localized enlargement of the abdominal aorta such that the diameter is greater than 3 cm or more than 50% larger than normal. AAAs usually cause no symptoms, except during rupture. 

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Klotho’s role in some patients with Alzheimer’s disease revealed?

April 24, 2020 – The klotho gene is named after the fanciful Greek goddess of destiny Clotho who turns the string of life known to be related with longer life and improved cognizance. In modern biology, allelic variants of the klotho gene in fact have been associated with long life span.

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Soccer Headers Might Be More Risky for APOE4 Genotype Carriers

February 01, 2020 – Soccer headers might be more risky for APOE4 genotype carriers – this is the headline of a very recent Reuters Health article appearing in Medscape. Thus, soccer players with apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) genotype may want to limit how many headers they do,

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Is laziness a personal choice or a genetic trait?

November 02, 2019 – Is laziness a choice or genetic trait? At the age where genetics seems to explain everything, it is certainly interessant to learn that a seemingly personal choice such as laziness as such may loom somewhere in your genetic outfit. Perhaps, you can not escape your laziness behaviour,

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Hidden secrets in African genomes revealed by large scale sequencing

October 20, 2019 – Sequencing African genomes yields new data resource with broad applicability. By collaborating globally in a new, large-scale effort, researchers have made strong progress in sequencing genomes from regions and countries across Africa. These findings will enable more broadly representative and relevant studies ranging from basic through clinical genetics.

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Black people with natural blonde hair – Everything is possible in genetics

August 07, 2019 – Blonde hair is a rare human phenotype found almost exclusively in Europe and Oceania. Human pigmentation varies considerably within and among populations and is a function of both variation in exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and the type and quantity of melanin produced in melanocytes and keratinocytes.

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Chinese arrhythmia in traditional medicine

May 04, 2018 – All natural is healthy. This is a common belief for many, particularly when shopping for alternative medicines and dietary supplements. For many, however, the contrary might be fatally true.

As a point in case, new research shows, that substances in Traditional Chinese Medicine  (TCM) can cause severe cardiac arrhythmia. 

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Placebo: A veritable treatment option

February 11, 2018 – Long after cancer treatment ends, many patients continue to deal with one particular symptom that refuses to go away: fatigue. In a new study, researchers have found that the power of placebos, even when fully disclosed to patients, might be harnessed to reduce fatigue in cancer survivors.

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Chocolate and the sweet taste receptor gene TAS1R2

January 31, 2018 – Chocolate and the sweet taste receptor gene TAS1R2 may make the life of some obese children and adolescents rather difficult in that genetic variations in TAS1R2 appear related to chocolate powder and dietary fiber intake in these young individuals.

This comes out of a study by a research team at the Faculty of Medicine,

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Ashkenazi Jewish Women: Little-known Gene Mutations May Boost Breast Cancer Risk

July 27, 2017 – Jewish women of Ashkenazi descent may be at risk for additional genetic mutations that increase their risk of breast cancer, according to a new study just published in JAMA Oncology. Researchers from University of Washington in Seattle found that around 4 percent of Ashkenazi Jewish women without well-known founder mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have other mutations that may increase their risk for breast cancer.

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  • Genomic adaptations to a rice-based diet mitigate the risk of obesity and diabetes September 21, 2020
    The traditional rice-based diet of some east-Asian population has brought a number of genomic adaptations that may contribute to mitigating the spread of diabetes and obesity. An international study led by the University of Bologna and published in the journal Evolutionary Applications has recently suggested this interesting hypothesis. Researchers analyzed and compared the genomes of […]
  • Researchers identify genetic factors associated with hand-foot syndrome in chemotherapy with capecitabine September 21, 2020
    Capecitabine is a chemotherapy drug used for breast and colorectal cancer. It can extend survival rate by nearly 10%. However, recent studies revealed that almost 50% of patients develop palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, a skin reaction also called hand-foot syndrome with mild to serious symptoms. Up to 17% of these patients can have a burning pain in […]
  • Gene therapy corrects the cardiac effects of Friedreich's ataxia September 18, 2020
    Gene therapy was successfully used to overcome the cardiac effects of Freidreich's ataxia (FA) in a mouse model of the disease, as reported in the peer-reviewed journal Human Gene Therapy.
  • Algorithms uncover cancers' hidden genetic losses and gains September 17, 2020
    Understanding the specific mutations that contribute to different forms of cancer is critical to improving diagnosis and treatment. But limitations in DNA sequencing technology make it difficult to detect some major mutations often linked to cancer, such as the loss or duplication of parts of chromosomes.
  • Researcher finds keys to control the 'driver of cancer's aggressiveness' September 17, 2020
    'Do not erase.' 'Recycle me.' 'Free to a good home.' Humans post these signs to indicate whether something has value or not, whether it should be disposed of or not. Inside our cells, a sophisticated recycling system uses its own enzymatic signs to flag certain cells for destruction—and a different set of enzymes can remove […]
  • Awareness of COVID-19 in severe dementia patients September 21, 2020
    Tokyo, September 21, 2020- The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has substantially affected patients with dementia and their caregivers.
  • Cleveland Clinic study finds no link between influenza vaccine and COVID-19 risk September 21, 2020
    Using patient data from Cleveland Clinic's COVID-19 registry, Dr. Joe Zein found that receiving the flu vaccine does not increase risk for COVID-19 or worsen associated disease outcomes, suggesting it is safe and advisable to receive the influenza vaccine this flu season.
  • Bio-based inhibition of gas hydrate formation September 21, 2020
    Copper stearate was used as the basis for this catalyst test and showed efficiency for in-situ oil combustion.
  • Biodiversity hypothesis called into question September 21, 2020
    How can we explain the fact that no single species predominates? A generally accepted hypothesis is that a trade-off exists between organisms able to acquire and consume more food than other when resources are scarce, and organisms which rapidly consume large quantities of food when they are in abundance. However, when scientists from the University […]
  • A faster and more reliable method to categorize olive oil is validated September 21, 2020
    Classifying olive oils into the categories of extra virgin (EVOO), virgin (VOO) and lampante (LOO) is still quite a challenge to deal with since the official method includes physical-chemical and sensory analyses by means of a panel of tasters. These tasters need to be specialized, and on many occasions are not available, in addition to […]
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