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ZRANB3 in African Populations: New Type 2 Diabetes risk locus identified

August 03, 2019 – Africa is considered the original cradle of all humanity, to which all humans can trace their genetic origin. This may be very interesting in the context of diseases that are due to genetic predispositions both in todays African populations and in all the populations descendant of African origin worldwide.

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Risk of Bullous Pemphigoid with Type 2 Diabetes Drugs

August 12, 2018 – Findings from a retrospective case-control study were published online August 8, 2018, in JAMA Dermatology indicate that the use of certain dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitor drugs are associated with a small but significantly elevated risk for developing bullous pemphigoid,

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Genetic Study Strengthens Causal Role of BMI in Heart Disease

July 07, 2017 – A new study analyzing genetic mutations predisposing to increased body-mass index (BMI) provides strong evidence that higher BMI plays a causal role in type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and coronary heart disease (CHD). The study results strongly suggest that BMI is causally related to increased risk of developing diabetes,

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Lixisenatide (Adlyxin) approved to treat type 2 diabetes

August 01, 2016 – Type 2 diabetes affects more than 29 million people and accounts for more than 90 percent of diabetes cases diagnosed in the United States. Over time, high blood sugar levels can increase the risk for serious complications, including heart disease, blindness and nerve and kidney damage.

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Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in Type-2 Diabetes: Risk of acute kidney injury

June 16, 2016 – The sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) is a protein that is encoded by the SLC5A2 gene. SGLT2 is one member of a larger family of sodium-glucose cotransporters which are sodium-dependent glucose transport proteins. SGLT2 is the major cotransporter involved in glucose reabsorption in the kidney. 

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SGLT2 inhibitors and diabetic ketoacidosis: PRAC makes recommendations to minimise risk to patients

February 14, 2016 – Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes caused by low insulin levels. Rare cases of this condition, including life-threatening ones, have occurred in patients taking SGLT2 inhibitors for type 2 diabetes and a number of these cases have been atypical,

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SGLT2 Inhibitors and ketoacidosis: Warnings about too much acid in the blood and serious urinary tract infections included in new drug labels

December 5, 2015 – A safety review by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has resulted in the addition of specific warnings to the drug labels of a specific class of type 2 diabetes medicines called sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors about the risks of too much acid in the blood and of serious urinary tract infections.

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Theragenomic medicine and social habits: A regularly taken glass of wine may improve cardiometabolic risks in some patients with type 2 diabetes

October 28, 2015 – According to a  small prospective and randomized clinical study, just published online in the Annals of Internal Medicine, a regularly taken glass of wine with dinner may improve lipid and glycemic control profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Type 2 Diabetes: Risk for bone fracture and decreased bone mineral density under canagliflozin therapy

 September 12, 2015 – Drug Safety Information: The American Food and Drug Administration (FDA)  has just strengthened the warning for the type 2 diabetes medicines containing  canagliflozin as active ingredient, i.e. Invokana and Invokamet, related to the increased risk of bone fractures, and added new information about decreased bone mineral density in afflicted patients.

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Drug Safety Communication: DPP-4 inhibitors for Type 2-Diabetes may cause severe joint pain

August 29, 2015 – This may after all not be so good news for Type 2-Diabetes patients on DPP-4 inhibitor medications. The American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning that the type 2 diabetes medicines containing the pharmacologically active ingredients (PAI) sitagliptin, saxagliptin, linagliptin, and alogliptin may cause joint pain that can be severe and disabling.  

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  • Researchers identify new gene mutation in familial thyroid cancers November 20, 2019
    Researchers from Penn State College of Medicine identified a new gene mutation that may cause a type of familial thyroid cancer. Dr. Darrin Bann, an otolaryngology resident at the College of Medicine and lead author of the study, said that this mutation is the first and only mutation associated with familial thyroid cancer to be […]
  • Researchers develop new database of druggable fusion targets November 20, 2019
    When sections from two separate genes merge due to various factors, such as translocation or splicing, the hybrid that is formed is called a gene fusion. In recent years, it has been discovered that these fusion events play a vital role in the development of cancers and other complex diseases. However, there are very few […]
  • Early results of CRISPR gene-editing treatment shows promise in first human trials November 20, 2019
    Officials from Vertex Pharmaceuticals and CRISPR Therapeutics have announced that preliminary results from testing CRISPR gene-editing treatment in human patients with blood disorders show promise thus far. The joint project between the two firms is taking place at one location in Europe and another in the United States. The results have been posted on the […]
  • Whole-genome sequencing analysis to find more exact biomarkers November 20, 2019
    A new study from Uppsala University shows that whole-genome sequencing increases the precision of genetic studies, which in turn can improve our understanding of how to use biomarkers to discover disease. The results are published in the scientific journal Scientific Reports.
  • Complex organ models grown in the lab November 19, 2019
    Scientists at the University of Würzburg have successfully produced human tissues from stem cells. They have a complexity similar to that of normal tissue and are far superior to previous structures.
  • New study confirms American children and teens are consuming significantly less sugary drinks November 21, 2019
    According to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, published by Elsevier, the share of children and adolescents consuming sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and the calories they consume from SSBs declined significantly between 2003 and 2014.
  • New Alzheimer risk gene discovered November 21, 2019
    A new paper in the Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology finds a gene that may help explain a large part of the genetic risk for developing Alzheimer disease.
  • New type of e-cigarette vaping injury described in CMAJ November 21, 2019
    A research case report describing lung injury related to e-cigarette use in a 17-year-old Canadian may be the first documented case of a new form of damage from vaping products. The article, published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) provides new evidence on forms of lung injury that can result from vaping.
  • CUHK Faculty of Engineering develops novel imaging approach November 21, 2019
    By combining a compressive sensing algorithm with a digital holographic microscope, Prof. Shih-Chi CHEN of the Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) and his research team have developed a high-speed imaging method. The new approach is able to produce two-photon microscopy images of a 3D […]
  • Cybershoppers make better buying decisions on PCs than phones -- Ben-Gurion U. researchers November 21, 2019
    This is the first study that differentiates between screen size and information reduction, which are often mixed up. The findings will be presented next month at the International Conference on Information Systems, the top academic conference in the field.
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