Blog Archives

The diversity of Asian genomes

January 26, 2020 – An effort to map thousends of genomes across Asia has certainly the potential to find novel gene variants affecting disease and responses to drugs, and to reveal the complex origins of Asian populations.

In a pilot study,

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In Caribbeans cystic fibrosis (CF) is driven by very rare CFTR mutations

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Is laziness a personal choice or a genetic trait?

November 02, 2019 – Is laziness a choice or genetic trait? At the age where genetics seems to explain everything, it is certainly interessant to learn that a seemingly personal choice such as laziness as such may loom somewhere in your genetic outfit. Perhaps, you can not escape your laziness behaviour,

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After an over the counter genetic test: Would you make serious health decisions?

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Hidden secrets in African genomes revealed by large scale sequencing

October 20, 2019 – Sequencing African genomes yields new data resource with broad applicability. By collaborating globally in a new, large-scale effort, researchers have made strong progress in sequencing genomes from regions and countries across Africa. These findings will enable more broadly representative and relevant studies ranging from basic through clinical genetics.

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Clinical evidence and implementation challenges for pharmacogenomic testing

September 18, 2019 – This post is an edited version of parts of a paper that appeared in the Journal of Personalised Medicine (JPM) a week ago und which addresses one of the important topics in connection with the themes of personalised medicine,

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Staying wakeful for the day: A second short sleep gene identified

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Variables of prospective response rates of PD-1/PD-L1 based therapies across cancers

August 28, 2019 – Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy is a form of cancer immunotherapy. The therapy targets immune checkpoints, key regulators of the immune system that when stimulated can dampen the immune response to an immunologic stimulus.

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Black people with natural blonde hair – Everything is possible in genetics

August 07, 2019 – Blonde hair is a rare human phenotype found almost exclusively in Europe and Oceania. Human pigmentation varies considerably within and among populations and is a function of both variation in exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and the type and quantity of melanin produced in melanocytes and keratinocytes.

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ZRANB3 in African Populations: New Type 2 Diabetes risk locus identified

August 03, 2019 – Africa is considered the original cradle of all humanity, to which all humans can trace their genetic origin. This may be very interesting in the context of diseases that are due to genetic predispositions both in todays African populations and in all the populations descendant of African origin worldwide.

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  • 30-year study identifies need of disease-modifying therapies for maple syrup urine disease January 24, 2020
    A new study analyzes 30 years of patient data and details the clinical course of 184 individuals with genetically diverse forms of Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD), which is among the most volatile and dangerous inherited metabolic disorders. Researchers collected data on survival, hospitalization rates, metabolic crises, liver transplantation, and cognitive outcome. This represents the […]
  • TP53 gene variant in people of African descent linked to iron overload, may improve malaria response January 24, 2020
    In a study by The Wistar Institute and collaborators, a rare, African-specific variant of the TP53 gene called P47S causes iron accumulation in macrophages and other cell types and is associated with poorer response to bacterial infections, along with markers of iron overload in African Americans. Macrophage iron accumulation disrupts their function, resulting in more […]
  • Scientists highlight potential of exposome research January 23, 2020
    Over the last two decades, the health sciences have been transformed by genomics, which has provided insights into genetic risk factors for human disease. While powerful, the genomics revolution has also revealed the limits of genetic determinants, which account for only a fraction of total disease risk. A new article in the journal Science argues […]
  • Researchers uncover mechanism for how common gene therapy vectors enter cells January 23, 2020
    Researchers led by a team at Massachusetts Eye and Ear have identified a novel cellular entry factor for adeno-associated virus vector (AAV) types—the most commonly used viral vectors for in vivo gene therapy. AAVs are vectors—or vehicles—that are created from a virus that is made harmless by molecular engineering, and have shown promise transporting genetic […]
  • Largest-ever study ties over 100 genes to autism January 23, 2020
    More than 100 genes appear to be involved in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), according to the largest genetic study of the condition to date.
  • More than 40% of status epilepticus patients suffer adverse outcomes January 24, 2020
    A new study published in Seizure gives insight into the short-term outcome of patients treated for status epilepticus in Kuopio University Hospital in Finland. The researchers found a 9% risk of death and a 32% risk of functional loss at one month after status epilepticus. The patient's risk of death could be predicted relatively reliably […]
  • A new twist on quantum communication in fiber January 24, 2020
    New research done at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, and Huazhang University of Science and Technology in Wuhan, China, has exciting implications for secure data transfer across optical fiber networks.
  • The regulators active during iron deficiency January 24, 2020
    Iron deficiency is a critical situation for plants, which respond using specific genetic programmes. Biologists from Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU) and Michigan State University (MSU) used artificial intelligence methods to examine how to predict regulatory genetic sequences. They have now published the findings from their joint research work in the journal Plant Physiology.
  • Brain-cell helpers powered by norepinephrine during fear-memory formation January 24, 2020
    A sustained state of vigilance will generate a different type of memory than a momentary startle, and these differences are linked to distinct signaling molecules in the brains of mice. Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Brain Science (CBS) have visualized these dynamics in the living mouse brain for the first time, observing two molecular […]
  • What goes up may actually be down January 24, 2020
    A new study in Frontiers in Neuroscience used virtual reality to determine how people plan their movements by 'seeing' gravity using visual cues in the landscape around them, rather than 'feeling it' through changes in weight and balance.
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