Blog Archives

Sweet taste receptor gene TAS1R2 and chocolate powder

January 13, 2019 – Are genetic variations in the sweet taste receptor gene related to chocolate powder and dietary fiber intake in obese children and adolescents? This was the question in a recent study just published in the Journal of Personalized Medicine. On one hand,

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SEMA4D gene variant quadruples obesity risk in individuals of African descent

March 26, 2017 – There is ample evidence that the burden of obesity is not the same across ethnic groups. While diet and lifestyle play a large role in determining body weight, there is also a heritable component. Unfortunately,  most prior studies that have evaluated the role of genes in obesity have looked mostly at people of European or Asian descent,

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If you are obese, can you blame it on your genes?

February 13, 2017 – If you are obese (or plain out fat), can you blame it on your genes? Actually, in very many cases, the answer is a qualified yes. Or a maybe. Under certain circumstances. Researchers are moving towards a better understanding of some of the roots of obesity.

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Association of Psoriasis With the Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Obesity

Lønnberg AS, Skov L, Skytthe A, Kyvik KO, Pedersen OB, Thomsen SF

JAMA Dermatol 2016 Apr;

PMID: 27120802

Abstract

Importance: Psoriasis has been shown to be associated with overweight and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The genetic association is unclear.

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The weight-management drug Liraglutide (Saxenda) has just been approved by the FDA

December 23, 2014 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) just approved Saxenda (liraglutide [rDNA origin] injection) as a treatment option for chronic weight management in addition to a reduced-calorie diet and physical activity.

The drug is approved for use in adults with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater (obesity) or adults with a BMI of 27 or greater (overweight) who have at least one weight-related condition such as hypertension,

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Weight-management drug Contrave approved

September 13, 2014 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Contrave (naltrexone hydrochloride and bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets) as treatment option for chronic weight management in addition to a reduced-calorie diet and physical activity.

Body Mass Index 30The drug is approved for use in adults with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater (obesity) or adults with a BMI of 27 or greater (overweight) who have at least one weight-related condition such as high blood pressure (hypertension),

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  • Researchers develop new approach to study the genetics of human disease July 7, 2020
    Many heritable immune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and blood-cell related traits derive from critical proteins not being made or not functioning correctly. But exactly how a person's genes, the regulation of these genes and how the resulting proteins interact to cause disease is not widely understood.
  • Common inherited genetic variant identified as frequent cause of deafness in adults July 6, 2020
    A common inherited genetic variant is a frequent cause of deafness in adults, meaning that many thousands of people are potentially at risk, reveals research published online in the Journal of Medical Genetics.
  • Rsearchers create an analytic tool that opens a new frontier of cancer discovery July 6, 2020
    Gene coding regions constitute 2% of the human genome. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have developed a computational tool to identify alterations that drive tumor formation in the remaining 98% of the genome. The method will aid discovery of oncogenes and advances in precision medicine for children and adults with cancer.
  • Discovery of new disease-susceptibility gene for steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome July 3, 2020
    An international research collaboration, including Professor Iijima Kazumoto et al. (of the Department of Pediatrics, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine) has revealed that NPHS1 is a disease-susceptibility gene for steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome in children. The NPHS1 gene encodes nephrin, a component protein for the renal glomerulus slit diaphragm, which prevents protein from being passed […]
  • How digital tools can advance quality and equity in genomic medicine July 3, 2020
    The pandemic has forced health care providers to find new ways to connect with patients through screens. For genetic specialists, who provide patients and families with genetic testing for conditions linked to DNA, connecting with patients is an important part of helping them make informed medical decisions.
  • A novel therapeutic target for recovery after stroke July 7, 2020
    IBS researchers have discovered a new mechanism to explain the effects of subcortical strokes and a new possible therapeutic approach.
  • Scientists create new device to light up the way for quantum technologies July 7, 2020
    Researchers at CRANN and the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, have created an innovative new device that will emit single particles of light, or photons, from quantum dots that are the key to practical quantum computers, quantum communications, and other quantum devices.
  • Long-acting injectable form of HIV prevention outperforms daily pill in NIH study July 7, 2020
    A pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) regimen containing an investigational long-acting form of the HIV drug cabotegravir injected once every 8 weeks was more effective than daily oral Truvada at preventing HIV acquisition among cisgender men who have sex with men and transgender women who have sex with men in a clinical trial sponsored by NIH. Findings […]
  • Portable system boosts laser precision, at room temperature July 7, 2020
    Physicists at MIT have designed a quantum "light squeezer" that reduces quantum noise in an incoming laser beam by 15 percent. It is the first system of its kind to work at room temperature, making it amenable to a compact, portable setup that may be added to high-precision experiments to improve laser measurements where quantum […]
  • Fighting E. coli with E. coli July 7, 2020
    According to findings published this week in mBio, Nissle, a strain of Escherichia coli, is harmless to intestinal tissue and may protect the gut from enterohemorrhagic E. coli, a pathogen that produces Shiga toxin.
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