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Variables of prospective response rates of PD-1/PD-L1 based therapies across cancers

August 28, 2019 – Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy is a form of cancer immunotherapy. The therapy targets immune checkpoints, key regulators of the immune system that when stimulated can dampen the immune response to an immunologic stimulus.

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Cancer therapies: Immune checkpoint inhibitors may kill you

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Vemurafenib [Zelboraf] Approved Together with a Companion Diagnostic Test by FDA for Advanced Melanoma in BRAF V600E Positive Patients

August 17, 2011 — The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has just approved the oral targeted therapy Vemurafenib [Zelboraf] for the first-line treatment of both metastatic and unresectable melanomas. The drug is specifically indicated for patients with melanoma whose tumors have V600E mutations in the BRAF gene. An estimated 50% of patients with melanoma have this type of BRAF mutation,

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  • New tumor-driving mutations discovered in the under-explored regions of the cancer genome January 18, 2020
    In an unprecedented pan-cancer analysis of whole genomes, researchers at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR) have discovered new regions of non-coding DNA that, when altered, may lead to cancer growth and progression.
  • Loss of function in key Y-chromosome genes increases cancer risk in men January 17, 2020
    Numerous studies have shown that men are more susceptible to cancer than women; however, the reason for this difference remains poorly understood. A new study by researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) has identified a key biological mechanism that puts men at higher risk of cancer: loss of function in certain genes […]
  • Why we differ in our ability to fight off gut infections January 17, 2020
    Τhe ability of the immune system to fight off bacterial, viral and other invading agents in the gut differs between individuals. However, the biological mechanism by which this happens is not well understood, but at least part of this difference may be explained by genetic factors.
  • Low doses of radiation used in medical imaging lead to mutations in cell cultures January 16, 2020
    Common medical imaging procedures use low doses of radiation that are believed to be safe. A new study, however, finds that in human cell cultures, these doses create breaks that allow extra bits of DNA to integrate into the chromosome. Roland Kanaar and Alex Zelensky of Erasmus University Medical Center and Oncode Institute and colleagues […]
  • Progress in unraveling the mystery of the genomics of Parkinson's disease January 16, 2020
    The International Parkinson Disease Genomics Consortium (IPDGC) has now been in existence for ten years. In an article published in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease the consortium reviews the progress made over the past decade in the genomics of Parkinson's disease (PD) and related disorders including Lewy body diseases, progressive supranuclear palsy, and multiple system […]
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