Blog Archives

Olaparib Tablets (Lynparza): For breast cancer with BRCA gene mutation

January 13, 2018 – The American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has just approved the first treatment for breast cancer with a certain inherited genetic mutation. At first glance, this announcement may be just one in the series of announcements by the FDA on new drug approvals.

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FDA-cleared genomic profiling tests to guide cancer treatment

December 25, 2017 – The American Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two genetic tests to identify genetic alterations in tumors.  The FoundationOne CDx (F1CDx) genomic test and the MSK-IMPACT Tumor Profiling test both can help to guide physicians in clinical trial enrollment and in cancer treatment.

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Vemurafenib (Zelboraf) for BRAF V600E positive Erdheim-Chester Disease (ECD)

Dezember 21, 2017 – Erdheim–Chester disease ((ECD), also known as Erdheim–Chester syndrome or polyostotic sclerosing histiocytosis) is a form of a bone marrow borne blood cancer. It is a rare disease characterized by the abnormal multiplication of a specific type of white blood cells called histiocytes,

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Cancer is not like cancer: Ethnic background matters

November 24, 2017 – New research indicates that one-size treatment for one form of blood cancer likely does not fit all, particularly when it comes to ethnic differences of patients.  Thus, African-American men are three times more likely to be diagnosed with multiple myeloma,

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Theragenomic medicine: Accurate treatment response prediction in depressed patients

November 05, 2017 – For some patients knowingly or not knowingly suffering from depression, the upcoming period of the year (i.e., the winter season in the Northern Hemisphere) with grey days and over-porportionally long nights, might be a difficult one. Should such patients enter a antidepressant treatment,

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Besponsa: Is this really a viable new treatment for ALL?

August 18, 2017 – B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a aggressive and rapidly progressing type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many B-cell lymphocytes, an immature type of white blood cell. In the United States, the National Cancer Institute estimates that approximately 5,970 people will be diagnosed with B-cell ALL this year and approximately 1,440 will die from the disease.

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Development of a patient education video about pharmacogenetics

June 16, 2017 – Patient education in pharmacogenetics, the central component of theragenomic and personalized medicine and individualized drug safety is an important issue. Not only needs the individual patient to understand what pharmacogenetics, or more precisely, pharmacogenetic testing can do for him in the process of

selection of the “right”

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Biomarker-guided Larotrectinib for all cancer types?

June 09, 2017 –  It’s only a couple of days that the American Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approved for the first time a cancer treatment for any solid tumor, irrespective of the tumor’s original location, as long as the targeted tumor is carrying a specific genetic feature (i.e.,

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First cancer treatment for any solid tumor with MSI-H or dMMR approved

May 24, 2917 – The American Food & Drug Administration (FDA) just approved a major extension of the clinical indications for Pembrolizumab (Keytruda). For the first time,  a cancer treatment has been approved for any solid tumor, irrespective of the tumor’s original location, as long as the targeted tumor is carrying a specific genetic feature (i.e.,

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LeukoStrat CDx FLT3 Mutation Assay: New entry in the field of companion tests

 

April 30, 2017 – The American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) just approved Midostaurin (Rydapt) for the treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who carry particular genetic mutations in the FLT3 (CD135) gene,

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  • Sickle cell anemia is an inherited form of anemia February 28, 2020
    It's important to know the the symptoms, causes, and treatment of sickle cell anemia, an inherited blood disorder that, in the United States, is more common among African Americans.
  • Scientists discover three genes associated with fatal lung disease February 28, 2020
    Researchers at the Universities of Leicester and Nottingham have discovered parts of the DNA that put some people at higher risk of an incurable lung disease called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The findings are published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine today, after an earlier version was posted online in November […]
  • An understudied cause of cancer: Mutations in regulators of cell signaling February 28, 2020
    Mutations in a vital class of regulatory molecules are an underappreciated cause of cancer because they impair the function of "G" proteins, a versatile and vast family of signaling switches that underlie innumerable biological facets of life itself.
  • Could new discovery play a role in diagnosing Alzheimer's earlier? February 27, 2020
    Scientists have detected that a previously overlooked gene behavior could potentially lead to a new way to diagnose Alzheimer's earlier.
  • Huntington's disease-causing DNA repeat mutations reversed in the lab February 27, 2020
    Neurodegenerative diseases, like Huntington's disease and myotonic dystrophy, are often referred to as DNA repeat diseases, named because of long repeated sequences in the DNA of patients. Increasing repeat expansion length in the affected tissues contribute to earlier age of disease onset and worsen the progression and severity of the disease over time.
  • Researchers announce progress in developing an accurate, noninvasive urine test for prostate cancer February 28, 2020
    Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have made significant progress toward development of a simple, noninvasive liquid biopsy test that detects prostate cancer from RNA and other specific metabolic chemicals in the urine.
  • Anomalies in structure of polyvalent metal melts explained February 28, 2020
    Metals and their alloys are the main structural materials of modern civilization. The properties of metal melts are well studied. However, according to Anatoly Mokshin, one of the co-authors of the publication, Chair of the Department of Computational Physics at Kazan Federal University, for more than 25 years, scientists from all over the world have […]
  • New platform for engineering ribosomes to 'cook new cuisines' February 28, 2020
    Researchers have created a method for cell-free synthesis and evolution of new ribosomes that can specialize in the synthesis of functional materials and therapeutics.
  • Cartilage cells, chromosomes and DNA preserved in 75-million-year-old baby duck-billed dinosaur February 28, 2020
    In a paper published online in National Science Review, an international team of scientists present evidence of fossilized cell nuclei and chromosomes within preserved cartilage in a baby duck-billed dinosaur. This dinosaur belongs to Hypacrosaurus and comes from a nesting ground discovered in 1988 by paleontologist Jack Horner in Late Cretaceous sediments of Northwest Montana.
  • Gene therapy generates new neurons to treat Huntington's disease February 28, 2020
    Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare disease with chorea movement and caused by Huntingtin (Htt) gene mutation and neurodegeneration. A research group led by Dr. Gong Chen has developed a novel gene therapy to regenerate functional new neurons in mouse models of HD. The work has been published in Nature Communications on February 27, 2020.
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